Coffee Plantation La Isabelica, Property inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.
The remains of the 19th-century coffee plantations in the foothills of the Sierra Maestra are unique evidence of a pioneer form of agriculture in a difficult terrain. They throw considerable light on the economic, social, and technological history of the Caribbean and Latin American region.
The remains of the 19th and early 20th century coffee plantations in eastern Cuba are unique and eloquent testimony to a form of agricultural exploitation of virgin forest, the traces of which have disappeared elsewhere in the world. The production of coffee in eastern Cuba during the 19th and early 20th centuries resulted in the creation of a unique cultural landscape, illustrating a significant stage in the development of this form of agriculture.
There are about a hundred of these farms, mostly located in the province of Santiago de Cuba, covering the area of the Gran Piedra, El Cobre, Dos Palmas and Contramaestrebut there are also many in Guantanamo. These places are an extensive coffee belt in southeastern Cuba. The ruins of most famous coffee plantations are finca St.Sophia, Kentucky and La Isabélica The latter in perfect conservation and current headquarters an ethnographic museum.